Teacher Resources

How to know where to go

We understand how critical it is that you have accurate, dependable, comprehensive, and well-vetted information to develop your curriculum. The information contained on this page is designed to provide you with a strong starting point to ensure that what you teach is fact. Please contact us with any needs or questions. Bookmark this page as we continue to add to it in the future.


Quick page links:


Validating Resources

As the internet continues to grow and evolve, it’s important to ensure that the information you’re citing is factual. The information here is designed to help you determine the difference between a factual resource and propaganda.

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    How to Identify Reputable Historical Sources

    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Visit Site

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    Evaluating Web Sites: A Checklist

    University of Maryland Library Download PDF

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    Combating Holocaust Denial and Origins of Holocaust Denial

    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Visit Site

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    Holocaust Deniers And Public Misinformation

    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Visit Site

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    The BBC Holocaust Year By Year

    BBC UK Visit Link


Reputable Holocaust Websites

The following websites have been approved by the Stan Greenspon Center as valid and reliable sources regarding the Holocaust.

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    Museum of Tolerance

    The Museum of Tolerance (MOT) is the educational arm of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, an internationally renowned Jewish human rights organization. Visit Site

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    Simon Wiesenthal Center

    Simon Wiesenthal, a survivor of the Nazi death camps, dedicated his life to documenting the crimes of the Holocaust and to hunting down the perpetrators still at large. Visit Site

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    Facing History and Ourselves

    Our mission is to engage students of diverse backgrounds in an examination of racism, prejudice, and antisemitism in order to promote the development of a more humane and informed citizenry. Visit Site

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    Shoah Foundation

    Dedicated to making audio-visual interviews with survivors and witnesses of the Holocaust and other genocides a compelling voice for education and action. Visit Site

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    Univeristy of Michigan Center for Holocaust Studies

    The Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies (CHGS) promotes academic research, education and public awareness on the Shoah, other genocides and current forms of mass violence. Visit Site

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    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum is America’s national institution for the documentation, study, and interpretation of Holocaust history, and serves as this country’s memorial to the millions of people murdered during the Holocaust. Visit Site

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    National Holocaust Centre (UK)

    The National Holocaust Centre and Museum promotes an understanding of the roots of discrimination and prejudice, and the development of ethical values, leading to a greater understanding within society. Visit Site

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    Harvard Law School Library: Nuremburg Trials Project

    The Harvard Law School Library’s Nuremberg Trials Project is an open-access initiative to create and present digitized images or full-text versions of the Library’s Nuremberg documents, descriptions of each document, and general information about the trials. Visit Site

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    Association of Holocaust Organizations

    The Association of Holocaust Organizations (AHO) was established in 1985 to serve as an international network of organizations and individuals for the advancement of Holocaust education, remembrance and research. Visit Site

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    Yad Vashem – The World Holocaust Remembrance Center

    Yad Vashem, the World Holocaust Remembrance Center, is the ultimate source for Holocaust education, documentation and research. Visit Site


Survivor Testimony

As time passes, it’s critical to record, archive and share personal testimony from the Holocaust.

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    The USC Shoah Foundation's IWitness

    IWitness is an educational website developed by USC Shoah Foundation – The Institute for Visual History and Education that provides access to more than 1,500 full life histories, testimonies of survivors and witnesses to the Holocaust and other genocides for guided exploration. Visit Site

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    Yale University Library

    The Fortunoff Archive and its affiliates recorded the testimonies of willing individuals with first-hand experience of the Nazi persecutions, including those in hiding, survivors, bystanders, resistants, and liberators. Visit Site

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    British Library: Learning voices of the Holocaust

    British Library: Learning voices of the HolocaustVoices of the Holocaust consists of oral history testimonies gathered from Jewish men and women who came to live in Britain during or after WWII. These testimonies are personal, individual, true stories, that describe the hardships of life during Hitler’s reign. Visit Site

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    Yahad In Unum

    Our organization seeks to unsilence a chapter of history that has remained silent for far too long through investigation, education, and engagement. Visit Site


Holocaust Literature

Suggested resources for use in the classroom.

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    USHMM’s Bibliographic Listing

    This program is a unique opportunity to hear from 12 leading academics and literary critics whose work examines and analyzes literary treatments of the Holocaust. Visit Site

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    Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive

    Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History ArchiveThe Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive is honored to house the Linda Fredin/Cavelero Mid-High Digital Children’s Book Collection which contains the digital copy of the children’s books created by Linda Fredin’s ninth-grade English students at Cavelero Mid-High. Visit Site

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    The International School for Holocaust Studies

    Various disciplines have applied their approaches to try and understand the transgressive nature of the Holocaust in human history. We have written a lesson-plan focusing on a poem written by W.H. Auden, one of England’s leading poets at the time of World War II. Visit Site


Antisemitism, Kristallnacht, and Liberation

A selection of online teaching resources from the first waves of persecution, including the November Pogrom (Kristallnacht) to the aftermath of WWII.

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    The Wiener Library’s Pogrom 1938

    Following the assassination of a junior diplomat in Paris by a young Polish Jew, the Nazi Party seized the opportunity to incite mass anti-Jewish violence, claiming it was a spontaneous popular ‘retaliation’ against the ‘enemy within’. As a result approximately 90 people were killed and over 25,000 Jewish men were arrested and deported to Dachau, Buchenwald and Sachsenhausen, leading to the deaths of hundreds more in the camps.In the months following November 1938, Alfred Wiener and his colleagues at the JCIO in Amsterdam collected over 350 contemporary testimonies and reports of the November Pogrom in Germany and Austria. Visit Site

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    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

    Antisemitism and the persecution of Jews represented a central tenet of Nazi ideology. In their 25-point Party Program, published in 1920, Nazi party members publicly declared their intention to segregate Jews from “Aryan” society and to abrogate Jews’ political, legal, and civil rights. Visit Site

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    Kristallnacht: The November 1938 Pogroms

    Instigated by the Nazi regime, rioters burned or destroyed 267 synagogues, vandalized or looted 7,500 Jewish businesses, and killed at least 91 Jewish people. They also damaged many Jewish cemeteries, hospitals, schools, and homes as police and fire brigades stood aside. Visit Site

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    The International School for Holocaust Studies

    The November 1938 Pogrom – Kristallnacht Educational Resources. Visit Site

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    “Shattered and Broken”

    “Shattered and Broken”An in-class commemoration designed for middle school students Visit Site

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    Cohen Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies

    Cohen Center for Holocaust and Genocide StudiesLesson plans and educational materials organized for the elementary, middle school, and high school levels. General lesson plans and supporting materials are also offered. Visit Site

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    Memo 38

    Virtual reconstruction of the Wiesbaden synagogue Visit Site

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    Re-Examining the Tipping Point

    This article, written on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the Kristallnacht pogrom, gives a brief historical account of this watershed event and discusses methods for classroom discussion on the subject. Visit Site


Antisemitism

Lessons on the concept of antisemitism.

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    European Antisemitism from its Origins to the Holocaust

    Antisemitism—prejudice against or hatred of Jews—did not end with the Holocaust. It remains a global problem today, continuing among ordinary citizens, people of influence, and even under state sponsorship. It often echoes the same falsehoods used by the Nazis. Efforts to distort or deny the Holocaust are among the ways that antisemitism is currently expressed. Visit Site

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    Antisemitism: The Longest Hatred

    Prejudice against or hatred of Jews—known as antisemitism—has plagued the world for more than 2,000 years. Visit Site

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    A World in Transition: Emancipation, Acculturation, and Antisemitism

    Sholem Aleichem began writing at a time when many Jews were moving from shtetls to larger urban centers and were being exposed to new ideas stemming from the Haskalah, or Jewish Enlightenment. Visit Site

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    Not In Our Town: Billings, Montana

    This short excerpt from the film “Not In Our Town” shows how ordinary citizens in Billings, Montana joined together to stand up to hate when their neighbors were under attack by white supremacists. Visit Site

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    Lesson Echoes and Reflections

    Contemporary Antisemitism Visit Site

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    Antisemitism Workshop Using Statements

    Lesson plans for high school students from the International School for Holocaust Studies Visit Site

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    Video Shoah Foundation

    USC Shoah Foundation Records Testimonies About Current Anti-Semitism in Copenhagen Visit Site


Liberation

Articles on the 70th anniversary of the liberation Auschwitz.

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    A Lifetime Surviving Auschwitz

    As the world marks the 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz by Soviet troops on 27 January 1945, a group of now elderly survivors of the Nazi death camp have been photographed holding wartime pictures of themselves and their murdered families. Visit Site

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    Remembering Auschwitz: 70 Years After Liberation

    A compelling photo essay from The Atlantic. Visit Site

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    The voices of Auschwitz

    The voices of AuschwitzThe 70th anniversary of the liberation of the notorious Nazi concentration camp could mark the last major commemoration for many Holocaust survivors. Visit Site


“What does this have to do with me?”

Resources that help students get to the “aha” moment.

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    Lessons from Auschwitz: The power of our words - Benjamin Zander

    Classical music mastermind Benjamin Zander concluded his 2008 TED Talk by recounting the heartrending story of an Auschwitz survivor and her brother. This short animated piece highlights that story, reminding us that the words we speak to one another are incredibly powerful tools that we shouldn’t take for granted. Visit Site

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    The Danger of a Single Story

    Our lives, our cultures, are composed of many overlapping stories. Novelist Chimamanda Adichie tells the story of how she found her authentic cultural voice — and warns that if we hear only a single story about another person or country, we risk a critical misunderstanding. Visit Site

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    Daring to Resist

    Three women face the Holocaust Visit Site

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    Common Questions about the Holocaust

    Because inquiring minds will want to know. Visit Site

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    Holocaust Education

    Approaching the Holocaust is a struggle for many teachers. Finding a way to teach a tragedy of unprecedented magnitude and enduring significance is perplexing even to the most seasoned educator. Visit Site